Diabetes is the most common metabolic disorder with severe consequences. It is a disease where the sugar concentration in the blood increases. This happens because the Islet Of Langerhans stops producing enough insulin or the body stops responding to insulin. Sometimes both the complications occur in the same person. Insulin is the hormone that acts as a source of transport for the glucose molecules inside the body.
Why do we need to monitor our blood glucose level?
All the diabetics know the importance of the role blood sugar concentrations play in a person’s health and well being, thus monitoring the level of blood sugar becomes a significant part in managing diabetes in the most efficient way possible.
We need to monitor blood sugar levels manually, since our body is not able to manage the sugar levels. In a normal person, the pancreas responds to the different levels of glucose present in the body and to regulate the concentrations of glucose it releases calculated amounts of insulin. Through this simple sounding yet complex process the body’s sugar balance is maintained. So monitoring blood glucose, helps us in maintaining equilibrium in the body by making changes in the external factors like changing the amount of insulin injected, the amount of medication one takes and making changes in what one eats and the amount of exercise to be done.
What is a diabetes level chart?
A diabetes level chart is a chart where the day to day sugar level readings are tabulated for a better understanding of this condition in each individual. This helps in determining many things to manage diabetes effectively.
Normal range of blood sugar
Glucose concentration is measured in either molar concentration i.e. milli moles per litre abbreviated as mmol or measured in milligrams per decilitre abbreviated as mg/dl. For people without diabetes the blood sugar level is 4.4 to 6.1 milli moles per litre or 82 to 110 milligrams per decilitre. Blood sugar concentrations tend to stay within the normal range even though our body is loaded with carbohydrates between different meals. However immediately after a meal sugar levels temporarily increase up to 140 mg/dl or 7.8 mmol. Normal fasting blood glucose level is between 5 and 7.2 mmol or 90-130 mg/dl
Blood sugar range if you are diabetic
If fasting blood sugar is more than 126 mg/dl and random glucose level more than 180 mg/dl a person is diabetic.
How diabetic charts help us manage diabetes in a better way.
To maintain a diabetes chart one must maintain a record of sugar levels all through the day at fixed points suggested by the doctor. It is highly impossible to go for regular blood checkups to a clinic or a hospital so most of the diabetics use glucose monitoring devices for home use. The problem is these are no as accurate as the tests conducted at the lab, so this chart must be discussed with a doctor for better assessment of the situation.
- Diabetic charts help us determine the type of meal one should consume and the diet one should follow. Depending on the daily pattern of blood glucose levels determined by the diabetes level chart one can modify, change their meals that will suit their daily requirements and keep the glucose level limited to the normal range. Apart from that you can find the culprit food that caused the increase in sugar level, of course by trial and error and not precisely pin point the amount of the culprit food or the culprit food itself but eventually one will figure out how to use it to one’s advantage.
- Another advantage of the diabetic level chart is that it lets you know what is going wrong with your diet. Even if the glucose levels are spiked because of the diet, using the chart one can figure out how much of exercise one needs to keep the sugar concentration in the blood stick to the normal range.
- The diabetes charts help us in deciding the precise amount of insulin to be injected that is if it is needed to maintain sugar levels.
- It also helps in deciding the drug and the quantity of drug one can use to maintain normalcy.
Managing diabetes individually on your own though an important thing to do, it is almost always better to visit a doctor once in a while depending on your need and discuss your diabetes level chart and other problems if any with your doctor.