Type I and Type II are the major variants of diabetes. Diabetes risk factors for these two types are not identical though the family history of diabetes is a common thread that runs between the two types. I n other words, if you have a family history of diabetes of either type, you run a greater risk of contracting it yourself.
However, with Type 1 diabetes, family history has not been known to be an overwhelming cause. In terms of ethnicity, whites are more susceptible to type 1 diabetes while the Hispanic, African American, and American Indians have exhibited a higher risk for type II diabetes. The following are among the major risk factors for diabetes:-
- Obesity or overweight
- Family history (Parent/sister/brother being diabetic)
- Previous history of gestational diabetes
- High blood pressure
- Higher level of cholesterol
- Sedentary work /physical inactivity/little or no exercise
Diabetes is a growing health concern across the globe and several research groups including those from the World Health Organization are constantly engaged in finding a sustainable cure for this disease. As of now, diabetes can only be managed and not cured. This brings into focus the need for recognizing diabetes risk factors and taking preventive measures when you still can potentially ward off this challenging disease. Healthy lifestyle contributes in a large measure in preventing and even managing diabetes. These measures are not difficult to implement and have little or no impact on your monthly budget.
For the Americans in particular, obesity has been identified as the major risk factor and millions of Americans who are today suffering from diabetes ignored the early warning signs from obesity. Eating habits contribute in a large measure to obesity and if you can take control of this singular aspect, you would have nearly won the war against diabetes. Reducing your meat intake and substituting it with fish, and adding plenty of fibre rich vegetables and fruits to your diet can induce positive changes to your metabolic system. A major advantage from these changes is that you only stand to gain in terms of better health and a general feeling of well being. By being on the cautious side of diabetes, you are also giving yourself the privilege of enjoying life on your own terms at least on those infrequent occasions. Once you are diagnosed for diabetes, much of these liberties with your lifestyle can become overwhelming.
Physical exercise is another measure that helps immensely in fighting diabetes and keeping it at bay if you have appreciated the importance of exercise early in life. In modern times, many of us are engaged in sedentary type of work and there is little or no time available during week days to engage in vigorous work outs. Though it is difficult to think of work outs after a day’s hard work and the chaotic commutation problems, with some determination it should still be possible to set aside some 15 minutes after you reach home. It is just a question of strong determination and tiding over the initial days of difficulty. But, once you are through with the first week or two, you will experience the significant difference in your general well being and stick to the exercise regimen with greater involvement. Remember, a regular exercise regimen helps not just in warding off diabetes but also in toning up your body making you more active and cheerful.
Summing up, by bringing into focus the following 3 attributes, you can potentially ward off diabetes or at least delay the onset.
1. Keep a check on your Body Mass Index
Setting an achievable weight loss goal and working towards the goal is important. Over a period of time even if you can achieve a 10% weight loss, your risk of diabetes becomes significantly lower.
2. Healthy eating habits
Junk food has done enough damage to our body. If you are past mid 30s, you are better off taking control of your eating habits and bringing in a disciplined approach to what you eat and more particularly when you eat. Irregular eating habits are as much harmful as the stuff that you eat.
In the context of diabetes risk factors, the importance of regular exercise cannot be emphasized more. Exercise helps you burn excess calories and keep your weight under control. A bulky mass has a number of other discomfitures too.
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